Planet is a private earth imaging company who provides daily global coverage of the earth at high spatial resolution. Daily images are composted into a weekly basemap based on image quality. Data is collected using a constellation of over 150 individual satellites called doves. Currently, three generations of doves are used in this dataset: Dove-Classic, Dove-R, and SuperDove. Planet data is available using surface reflectance.
Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) (Green/NIR) is a water index which provides information on open water extent. This product typically ranges from -1 to 0.2 where water is typically above 0 (Özelkan 2020). This product is useful for identifying open water to use in estimating water surface area or removal through masking.
NDWI (Green/NIR) is the normalized difference between the green and near infrared (NIR) bands following the equation NDWI = (Green-NIR)/(Green+NIR). Water reflects Green and absorbs NIR electromagnetic radiation while vegetation and soil absorbs Green and reflects NIR electromagnetic radiation (McFeeters 1996). The result is a high normalized difference (ND) over water and a low ND over land with high contrast.
Green: 0.500–0.590 μm
Near Infrared (NIR): 0.780-0.860 μm
Period of Record
McFeeters, S. K. (1996). The use of the Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) in the delineation of open water features. International journal of remote sensing, 17(7), 1425-1432.
Özelkan, E. (2020). Water body detection analysis using NDWI indices derived from Landsat-8 OLI. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 29(2), 1759-1769.
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